International Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences

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The Application of the Dynamic Atmosphere Energy Transport Climate Model (DAET) to Earth’s Semi-Opaque Troposphere

Received: 20 September 2022    Accepted: 3 January 2023    Published: 13 January 2023
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Abstract

The objective of this work is to apply the Dynamic-Atmosphere Energy Transport (DAET) climate model to a study of the Earth’s semi-opaque troposphere. In this analysis the concept of previous authors has been followed and the Earth’s climate is treated as a single integrated structured system of solar energy collection, thermal energy retention and energy distribution across the Earth’s surface. Unlike previous authors the hemispheric duality of the Earth’s surface is modelled with two separate energy environments of a day lit hemisphere of net energy collection and a dark night surface of net energy loss as fundamental to the design. Using worked examples, it is shown how the Greenhouse Effect results from the summation of two separate physical atmospheric processes, both of which are mathematically equivalent and which together create an energy reservoir within the Earth’s troposphere. These processes are the thermal radiant opacity blocking of radiative physics, and the process of adiabatic convection and conserved energy delivery to far distance of mass-motion physics. Both these processes involve the mathematical infinite summation of halves-of-halves of energy flux and are completely saturated at a surface atmospheric pressure of 1 Bar. It is concluded that the two fundamental controls on terrestrial planetary climate for a given solar system orbit are the downwelling high frequency energy reflection filter of planetary Bond Albedo, and the upwelling low frequency energy bypass to space filter of the Atmospheric Window.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijaos.20230701.11
Published in International Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (Volume 7, Issue 1, June 2023)
Page(s) 1-16
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Adiabatic DAET Climate Model, Thermal Radiant Opacity, Lossy Surface Atmospheric Window

References
[1] Kiehl, J. T and Trenberth, K. E., 1997. Earth’s Annual Global Mean Energy Budget. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 78 (2). pp. 197-208.
[2] Sagan, C. and Chyba, C., 1997. The Early Faint Sun Paradox: Organic Shielding of Ultraviolet-Labile Greenhouse Gases. Science, 276 (5316), pp 1217–1221.
[3] Wilde, S. P. R. and Mulholland, P., 2020. An Analysis of the Earth’s Energy Budget. International Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 4 (2), pp. 54-64.
[4] Mulholland, P. and Wilde, S. P. R, 2020. Inverse Climate Modelling Study of the Planet Venus, International Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences. Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2020, pp. 20-35. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaos.20200401.13
[5] Wilde, S. P. R. 2015 Neutralising Radiative Imbalances Within Convecting Atmospheres. New Climate Model. https://www.newclimatemodel.com/neutralising-radiative-imbalances-within-convecting-atmospheres/
[6] Wilde, S. P. R. and Mulholland, P., 2020. Return to Earth: A New Mathematical Model of the Earth’s Climate. International Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 4 (2), pp. 36-53.
[7] Simpson, G. C., 1928. Some Studies in Terrestrial Radiation. Royal Meteorological Society (London) Memoir, Vol II. No. 16, pp. 69-95.
[8] Dima, I. M. and Wallace, J. M., 2003. On the seasonality of the Hadley cell. Journal of the atmospheric sciences, 60 (12), pp. 1522-1527.
[9] Miskolczi, F. M., 2007. Greenhouse effect in semi-transparent planetary atmospheres. Quarterly Journal of the Hungarian Meteorological Service, 111 (1), pp. 1-40.
[10] Miskolczi, F. M., 2010. The stable stationary value of the earth's global average atmospheric Planck-weighted greenhouse-gas optical thickness. Energy & Environment, 21 (4), pp. 243-262.
[11] Huang, H. P. 2010 MAE578 Environmental Fluid Dynamics Slides (Fall 2010) mae578_lecture_06.pdf (asu.edu) School for Engineering of Matter, Transport, and Energy, Arizona State University.
[12] Williams, D. R. 2021. NASA Earth Fact Sheet Earth Fact Sheet NSSDCA, Mail Code 690.1, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771.
[13] Golovneva, L. B., 2000. The Maastrichtian (Late Cretaceous) climate in the northern hemisphere. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 181 (1), pp. 43-54.
[14] Hoffman, P. F. and Schrag, D. P., 1999. The Snowball Earth. Scientific American, 9, p. 38.
[15] Kopparapu, R. K., Ramirez, R., Kasting, J. F., Eymet, V., Robinson, T. D., Mahadevan, S., Terrien, R. C., Domagal-Goldman, S., Meadows, V. and Deshpande, R., 2013. Habitable zones around main-sequence stars: new estimates. The Astrophysical Journal, 765 (2), p. 131.
[16] Williams, D. R. 2018. Sun Fact Sheet Sun/Earth Comparison Fact Sheet NSSDCA, Mail Code 690.1, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771.
[17] Williams, D. R. 2021. Venus Fact Sheet Venus/Earth Comparison Fact Sheet NSSDCA, Mail Code 690.1, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771.
[18] Williams, D. R. 2022. Mars Fact Sheet Mars/Earth Comparison Fact Sheet NSSDCA, Mail Code 690.1, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771.
[19] Mulholland, P. and Wilde, S. P. R, 2021. The Venusian Insolation Atmospheric Topside Thermal Heating Pool. Conference: Institute of Physics. Planetary Atmospheres: from Earth and beyond. 09 June 2021. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.22043.59687
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  • APA Style

    Philip Mulholland, Stephen Paul Rathbone Wilde. (2023). The Application of the Dynamic Atmosphere Energy Transport Climate Model (DAET) to Earth’s Semi-Opaque Troposphere. International Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 7(1), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijaos.20230701.11

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    ACS Style

    Philip Mulholland; Stephen Paul Rathbone Wilde. The Application of the Dynamic Atmosphere Energy Transport Climate Model (DAET) to Earth’s Semi-Opaque Troposphere. Int. J. Atmos. Oceanic Sci. 2023, 7(1), 1-16. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaos.20230701.11

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    AMA Style

    Philip Mulholland, Stephen Paul Rathbone Wilde. The Application of the Dynamic Atmosphere Energy Transport Climate Model (DAET) to Earth’s Semi-Opaque Troposphere. Int J Atmos Oceanic Sci. 2023;7(1):1-16. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaos.20230701.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijaos.20230701.11,
      author = {Philip Mulholland and Stephen Paul Rathbone Wilde},
      title = {The Application of the Dynamic Atmosphere Energy Transport Climate Model (DAET) to Earth’s Semi-Opaque Troposphere},
      journal = {International Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences},
      volume = {7},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-16},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijaos.20230701.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijaos.20230701.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijaos.20230701.11},
      abstract = {The objective of this work is to apply the Dynamic-Atmosphere Energy Transport (DAET) climate model to a study of the Earth’s semi-opaque troposphere. In this analysis the concept of previous authors has been followed and the Earth’s climate is treated as a single integrated structured system of solar energy collection, thermal energy retention and energy distribution across the Earth’s surface. Unlike previous authors the hemispheric duality of the Earth’s surface is modelled with two separate energy environments of a day lit hemisphere of net energy collection and a dark night surface of net energy loss as fundamental to the design. Using worked examples, it is shown how the Greenhouse Effect results from the summation of two separate physical atmospheric processes, both of which are mathematically equivalent and which together create an energy reservoir within the Earth’s troposphere. These processes are the thermal radiant opacity blocking of radiative physics, and the process of adiabatic convection and conserved energy delivery to far distance of mass-motion physics. Both these processes involve the mathematical infinite summation of halves-of-halves of energy flux and are completely saturated at a surface atmospheric pressure of 1 Bar. It is concluded that the two fundamental controls on terrestrial planetary climate for a given solar system orbit are the downwelling high frequency energy reflection filter of planetary Bond Albedo, and the upwelling low frequency energy bypass to space filter of the Atmospheric Window.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    AB  - The objective of this work is to apply the Dynamic-Atmosphere Energy Transport (DAET) climate model to a study of the Earth’s semi-opaque troposphere. In this analysis the concept of previous authors has been followed and the Earth’s climate is treated as a single integrated structured system of solar energy collection, thermal energy retention and energy distribution across the Earth’s surface. Unlike previous authors the hemispheric duality of the Earth’s surface is modelled with two separate energy environments of a day lit hemisphere of net energy collection and a dark night surface of net energy loss as fundamental to the design. Using worked examples, it is shown how the Greenhouse Effect results from the summation of two separate physical atmospheric processes, both of which are mathematically equivalent and which together create an energy reservoir within the Earth’s troposphere. These processes are the thermal radiant opacity blocking of radiative physics, and the process of adiabatic convection and conserved energy delivery to far distance of mass-motion physics. Both these processes involve the mathematical infinite summation of halves-of-halves of energy flux and are completely saturated at a surface atmospheric pressure of 1 Bar. It is concluded that the two fundamental controls on terrestrial planetary climate for a given solar system orbit are the downwelling high frequency energy reflection filter of planetary Bond Albedo, and the upwelling low frequency energy bypass to space filter of the Atmospheric Window.
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Author Information
  • Mulholland Geoscience, Edinburgh, UK

  • Mulholland Geoscience, Edinburgh, UK

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